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TOWN OF LANCASTER
NEW HAMPSHIRE 03584
SOLID WASTE FACILITY & MANDATORY RECYCLING ORDINANCE
Pursuant to the authority of RSA:149-M:13 as conveyed to the
Board of Selectmen by the passage of Article 13 of the Warrant
for the 1992 annual town meeting, the Board of Selectmen of the
Town of Lancaster hereby ordain as follows:
The Solid Waste-Recycling Facility will be open for use by
Town residents and non-resident property owners during
published hours. Admission to the facility will be only by
numbered permit obtained from the Town office to an
appropriate person, business, or institution. All permits
must be attached to a motor vehicle and be plainly visible.
Permits are not transferable to another vehicle or household.
All permits remain the property of the Town.
The Town Manager or his designee shall have the right to
refuse the use of the facilities to any citizen who is
misusing said facility.
The gates will be locked at all times when the facility is not
open to the public. Anyone not authorized and apprehended
inside the gates when it is locked will be considered
trespassing and shall be prosecuted. Anyone depositing
materials at any gate or depositing material in an improper
way shall be prosecuted.
All material brought to the facility for disposal shall be
separated into the following categories. Recycled materials
shall be dry and free of food waste and are to be deposited
into designated containers or locations as the attendant
A. GLASS SHALL MEAN EMPTY GREEN, BROWN,
OR CLEAR GLASS CONTAINERS. NO
CERAMICS, WINDOW GLASS, OR
MIRRORS. LABELS DO NOT HAVE TO
B. ALUMINUM CANS SHALL MEAN EMPTY ALUMINUM
C. TIN (STEEL) CANS SHALL MEAN EMPTY TIN OR STEEL
CONTAINERS. LABELS DO NOT HAVE
TO BE REMOVED.SOLID WASTE ORDINANCE
D. CARDBOARD SHALL MEAN ALL CLEAN, DRY
CORRUGATED CARDBOARD, FREE OF
WAX. CARDBOARD SHOULD BE
BROKEN DOWN/FLATTENED. (NO
PAPER BOARD OR RECYCLED BOARD)
E. NEWSPAPER SHALL MEAN ALL CLEAN, DRY
NEWSPAPER. MAY INCLUDE COLORED
INSERTS. NO STAPLES, NO
F. WHITE GOODS* SHALL MEAN SCRAP METAL
INCLUDING, STOVES, WASHERS,
DRYERS, REFRIGERATORS, ETC.
G. TIRES* SHALL MEAN TRUCK, AUTOMOBILE,
MOTORCYCLE, AND BICYCLE TIRES
REMOVED FROM THE WHEEL OR RIM.
H. LEAVES & CLIPPINGS SHALL MEAN ALL LAWN CLIPPINGS,
GREEN AND DRY GARDEN WASTE AND
MANURE (to be dumped in the
I. TREE LIMBS/BRUSH SHALL MEAN ALL TREE LIMBS AND
BRUSH NOT EXCEEDING 18" IN
LENGTH (to be deposited in burn
J. BUILDING MATERIAL* SHALL MEAN THE REFUSE FROM
DEMOLISHED BUILDING (the
burnable shall be separated
from the non-burnable
K. USED MOTOR OIL SHALL MEAN THE WASTE OIL WITH
NO OTHER ADDITIVES SUCH AS
GASOLINE OR ANTI-FREEZE.
L. BULKY ITEMS* SHALL MEAN COUCHES, MATTRESSES
AND OTHER LARGE NON-METALLIC
M. NON-RECYCLABLE & GARBAGE SHALL MEAN ANY OTHER
RESIDENTIAL WASTE WHICH
IS NOT LISTED ABOVE.
SOLID WASTE ORDINANCE
N. INDUSTRIAL WASTE SHALL MEAN ANY WASTE FROM ANY
PROCESS OR INDUSTRY,
MANUFACTURING, TRADE OR
BUSINESS. ANY SUCH WASTE NOT
FALLING WITHIN THE ABOVE
CATEGORIES BY SPECIAL
* Fee involved in disposing of these items.
5. UNACCEPTABLE MATERIALS:
The following materials will not be acceptable at the Transfer
A. STUMPS, TREES AND LIMBS GREATER THAN 18" IN LENGTH
B. MOTOR VEHICLES, BOATS, AND PARTS THEREOF (EXCEPT FOR
SHEET METAL AND EXHAUST SYSTEMS)
C. HARMFUL, HAZARDOUS OR TOXIC SUBSTANCES
D. SLUDGE OR SEPTIC WASTE
E. ANY MATERIAL WHICH IN THE OPINION OF THE TRANSFER
STATION-RECYCLING ATTENDANT CONSTITUTES A SERIOUS HAZARD
TO OTHER USERS OF THE FACILITY, TO THE PROPERTY OF THE
TOWN, OR TO THE OPERATION OF THE FACILITY.
Anyone wanting to dispose of the materials listed above should
seek guidance from the State Department of Environmental
Services or a private landfill depending on the item to be
The Transfer Station-Recycling Attendant shall have the right
to refuse the use of the Facility to any person, corporation,
or other user who is misusing the Facility, or is violating
this Ordinance, or who does not have the proper permit, or is
using a vehicle whose numbered permit has unpaid Transfer
Station use fees outstanding. Any such shall be guilty of a
violation of this Ordinance.
No burning shall be allowed at the Facility except at the
direction and supervision of the District Fire Warden.
SOLID WASTE ORDINANCE
The discharge of firearms is prohibited at the Facility.
9. ORIGIN OF MATERIAL DISPOSED OF AT FACILITY:
Only material collected within the limits of the Town shall be
disposed of at the Transfer Station-Recycling Facility.
10. COMMERCIAL HAULERS:
A commercial hauler shall mean anyone who hauls materials to
the disposal facility for others for a fee. All persons or
corporations engaged in the commercial hauling of rubbish,
materials, etc. must first obtain a permit from the Board of
Selectmen after payment of a permit fee.
11. COLLECTION OF FEES
By accepting the numbered permit, and in consideration of the
Town allowing the holder of the numbered permit to use the
Transfer Station-Recycling Facility, the registered holder of
the permit agrees to be liable to the Town for all Transfer
Station-Recycling Facility fees assessed against the
respective numbered permit.
12. DISPOSAL AND PERMIT FEES
The following fees are hereby established for the disposal of
the respective types of solid waste, and for the issuance of
permit stickers. Fees for the disposal of specific types of
solid waste must be paid at the town offices, main Street,
during regular business hours, prior to disposing of such
solid waste. At times when the town offices are closed but
the solid waste facility is open, disposal fees may be paid to
Type of Solid Waste Fee
White goods (refrig. washing mach. etc.) 10.00
Furniture (10 cubic feet or more in size
& mattresses) 8.00
Furniture (less than 10 cubic feet such
as overstuffed chairs) 5.00
Tires from Commercial Enterprises 1.50
SOLID WASTE ORDINANCE
Construction & Demolition material, each load:
Fees will be adjusted according to actual disposal costs.
Check with Landfill Attendants for current disposal fees.
First Permit Sticker Free
Duplicate Permit Stickers 1.00
In special circumstances the fees may be waived by the Board
Any person or corporation violating any provision of this
ordinance may lose their disposal privileges at the Transfer
Station /Recycling Facility, be subject to penalties, and or
Notice of violation; penalty; summons to appear in court
for a violation of Ordinance.
Responsibility is with the hauler and the originating
destination, however, the owner of the vehicle disposing solid
waste has the primary responsibility of material placed at the
Generally, the following violation schedule will be observed,
depending upon the nature of the offense:
1) Verbal Warning
2) Written Warning
3) $25.00 penalty and one week suspension of right to
use the facility
4) $100.00 penalty and one month suspension of right to
5) Penalty to be determined by the Board of Selectmen
and possible permanent loss of rights to use
SOLID WASTE ORDINANCE
However, the above sequence may not be followed if an
infraction is sufficiently severe to merit immediate
suspension or a larger penalty. The Town reserves the right
to take action in a manner consistent with the efficiency of
operations and appropriate to the infraction involved. Any
deviation from the above schedule will first have the approval
of the Board of Selectmen.
Any alleged violator may avoid the issuance of a summons and
complaint by the voluntary payment of the penalty.
to the authority of RSA 149-M:13, II, any person convicted of
violating any provision of this Ordinance shall be subject to
a civil penalty not to exceed $3,000. for each such violation.
The invalidity of any provision of this Ordinance shall not
affect the validity of any other provision nor the validity of
the Ordinance as a whole.
16. CONFLICTING ORDINANCES:
This Ordinance shall automatically appeal any other Ordinance
that is in conflict with this Ordinance.
17. EFFECTIVE DATE:
This Ordinance shall be effective July 20, l992.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, the undersigned members of the Board of
Selectmen of Lancaster have hereunder set their hands this 20th day
of July 1992.
John Martin, Chairman
a TRUE COPY, ATTEST:
Jean E. Oleson
RECYCLING IN LANCASTER
- Current landfill in Lyndonville, VT will probably no
longer be licensed as of July 1992 because it is unlined
- Town's waste will then go to either: James River
facility in Berlin(Mt Carberry); Consumat Sanco in
Bethlehem; proposed facility in Littleton (the earliest
possible date of operation would be late next summer -
permit application has not yet been sent into state)
- Town needs to separate recyclable in any case to:
reduce volume/weight; decrease transportation & tipping
fees; become more environmentally responsible; gain some
returns on the sale of recyclable materials.
- Of Town's 2400 tons disposed of annually, 1912.8 tons
could possibly be separated & recycled, leaving only
487.2 tons to be landfilled (at 100% separation of
aluminum cans, glass, organics, paper (including:
newspaper, magazines, OCC, & mixed paper), plastic, scrap
metal, textiles, and tin (steel) cans)
- See attached chart for breakdown of contents of present
waste stream in the waste stream
1. Prepare Comprehensive Solid Waste/Recycling Plan
2. Prepare a related Ordinance - amend/consolidate
3. Review the above with Selectmen, Town Manager,
4. Make Public aware of existing recycling/reduction
possibilities through Informational fliers already
prepared (update regularly) and neighborhood Block
5. Begin to educate the Public w/ above fliers, newspaper
articles, radio, speaking engagements, civic
organizations, open house at SWTS (Sat., Nov 23, 1991 -
8 am - noon)
6. Plot & arrange Recycling Building / Area locations;
clearly delineate these separation areas on site - ACL
working with Marghie Seymour on Fri, Nov 15, 1991.
7. Review plans w/ Committee, Selectmen, Town Manager -
make necessary adjustments
8. Decide which options, and when, to implement of the
plan and whether they will be mandatory or voluntary
9. Plan cost of improvements to site (equipment, etc):
-adding concrete areas for: glass;
-apron added to bldg for unloading cardboard,
-"Bobcat"(Do we have access to one?) for
unloading/loading trailers(smaller more mobile in
building with less space - will have to have one to
load cardboard into a tractor trailer - Company
charges for any time over an hour for loading at
-add a loading ramp constructed of earth and
railroad ties or ...
10. Plan costs of added labor:
- additional person for separating items,
assisting/supervising drop-offs to insure that no
contamination occurs ($18,000 + benefits)
11. Increase/Continue to educate the Public through:
newsletters, neighborhood block leader (information
sharing) programs, radio, newspapers, meetings
12. Write or change (consolidate) solid waste ordinance
CURBSIDE PICKUP OR DROP-OFF RECYCLABLE
1. Scope of Service - present locations only or entire
2. Items to be separated include: newspaper, cardboard,
aluminum beverage cans, tin/steel cans, plastic soda
bottles & milk jugs, & glass.
3. Put contract out to bid...OR
4. Have individuals contract pickup of recyclable
individually (problems exist with participation)
1/92 1. Prepare warrant article for Town Meeting
2. Submit budget to budget committee
3. Continue to educate Public, especially regarding
warrant article issue
Passage 1. Order equipment or work to be done
3/92 2. Hire new staff, if appropriate (1 addit. person)
3. Train staff &/or volunteers
4. Inform Public - alert newspaper of mandatory starting
date and items to be included, (prob. cardboard,
newspaper & tin & aluminum 1st...glass?..plastics?...)
4. Prepare facility
5. Begin/Increase implementation of program
6. Rural Plastics Program in conjunction w/ Littleton?
7. Prepare glass crushing area - storage area for fill
8. Begin removing tire pile along w/ scrap metal
Setup 1. monitor progress to determine if & where changes are
2. Continuously educate public
3. Celebrate & Publicize successes
Total Waste Stream in Lancaster 2400.00 tons Anually
Typ. Percentage Tons
Aluminum cans = .8% 19.2
clear = 4% 96
brown = 2% 48
green = 2% 48
Yard Waste = 16% 384
Food Waste = 7% 168
Magazines = 8% 192
Cardboard = 12% 288
Mixed Paper = 17% 408
HDPE = 2% 48
PET = 1% 24
Scrap Metal = 6% 144
Textiles = .9% 21.6
Tin(steel)cans= 1% 24
TOTAL 79.7% 1912.8
Waste left to landfill: 487.2 Tons
NOTE: These figures represent 100% participation, which just
doesn't happen. According to NHRRA, the best that can be expected
is about 75% participation (with curbside pickup of garbage and
recyclable) leaving 965.4 tons to landfill.
ESTIMATED PARTICIPATION FIGURES:
drop-off garbage/drop-off recycling = 60%
curbside garbage/curbside recycling = 75%
drop-off garbage/drop-off recycling = 25%
curbside garbage/curbside recycling = 40%
curbside garbage/drop-off recycling = 5%
PLANS FOR EXISTING AND FUTURE RECYCLEABLES
Aluminum cans - bale and set outside the Recycling building on
pallets. Cover with tarp. Or even better...store in
transportable trailers until fully loaded for market. Market
through NHRRA was Manchester or & check market prices for baled
aluminum. Markets for aluminum beverage cans have been going
down although the price is still between $0.20 and $0.27/lb
depending on who you call (as of 10/23/91).
Organics - Educate Public about leaf composting. Add signs at
the site for composting. Place piles in rows near brush pile.
Turn with a front end loader about once every two weeks. Add ash
from the brush pile to the compost occasionally in small
Newspaper - bring to Grey's farm for shredding or contact Rich
Insulation in Bath. The price for newspaper is $0.00.
Cardboard - Baled and sold through NHRRA's market. Weigh
bales occasionally to check for proper weight bales. So far
bales seem to be of good size. At the present rate, we bale
about 60 bales a year (or about 60 tons annually at $15.00 per
ton...if the buyer picks up the bales and we load the trailer
or $900.00 annually; the price is $25.00/ton ($1500 annually)
if we transport the bales to the market).
Scrap Metal - To be marketed and transported through Jewell
Resources. Contract has been signed. Guaranteed at least to break
even. Tires will also go through this program.
Tin (Steel) Cans - Remove labels, open both ends, flatten...to be
placed in scrap metal pile or baled. Residents will place tin cans
in a box or barrel inside the Recycling Building and the attendant
will place them in the scrap metal pile (can be placed inside large
appliances or left in barrels as long as they can be picked up
easily by the hauler's equipment).
FUTURE (by 1992)
Glass (all colors)- build concrete area for crushing and area for
storing glass - Margee suggested contacting area concrete
businesses and request that they unload any leftover concrete into
a prepared area at the SWTS. Glass to be crushed (without
separating colors)and used by the Town crew for fill.
Glass prices through NHRRA are now (10/23/91 - for loads over 20
tons) clear-$22.00/ton, brown-$15.00/ton and green-$5.00/ton and
the loads are picked up by the buyer. If the glass is rejected due
to contamination however, the Town must pay the buyer $1.75 per
mile roundtrip (from Billerica). If the load gets to the mill and
is rejected at that point, the Town must pay for 2 roundtrips.
Mixed paper - Margee Seymour suggested baling brown paper (ie
bags). Check with market to see if we can transport along
with corrugated cardboard. Or if we can mix bags with
cardboard. Bags are higher quality and receive a higher
market price ($85/ton vs $25-28/ton for cardboard 9/91).
Office paper - The price for baled "mixed paper" (junk mail,
mixed office paper, paperboard containers, paper egg cartons)
is $5.00/ton picked up and $15.00 delivered as of 10/13/91.
Computer paper - Sanco in Bethlehem will take computer paper
at no charge according to Adam West at NCC.
Mixed Paper/Office Paper - not collected here at the present
time. NHRRA has a market through NHRRA. Price is $0.00 and
we must deliver. Buyer pays NHRRA's fee of $2.00 per ton.
PETE - waiting for Littleton's proposed program. What are our
other options if that does not pan out? NHRRA is currently
marketing plastics through Recoverable Resources/Boro Bronx
2000, Inc. (R2B2) Bronx, NY (see Appendix for latest prices)
HDPE - ditto
Textiles - Encourage clothing to go to Salvation Army, yard sales,
OTHER THINGS NEEDED AT THE TRANSFER STATION/RECYCLING BLDG
1.*More signs to put up at Recycling Building - We have the
following NH The Beautiful Signs:
"Place Glass Here (No ceramics, mirrors, etc...)"
"Recycling Saves Tax Dollars"
"Scrap Metal Here,... with details"
2. Will need more signs for:
"Tin (Steel) Cans"
"Corrugated Cardboard Only"
3. Build concrete area with sides for glass
4. Build ramp for loading/unloading trucks
5.*Obtain plastic or metal containers (55 gallon drums would be
preferable) for separating items
6. Follow costs and participation with spreadsheets
7.*Begin the education program in schools, civic clubs, etc.
8.*Begin the Block Leader Program
9.*Run a logo contest in the schools
10.*Start a list of Recylers in Town...use it later for a "Recycler
of the Week Program"...Solicit prizes from the local businesses.
Announce as a public service announcement on the local radio
11. Prepare for mandatory phase in of items one or two at a
time...check participation levels...add another attendant for
12.*Volunteers can supervise the separation of items and answer
questions at the Recycling Building on Saturdays.
* Things that the Recycling Committee can do or help
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Copyright 1997 by Ed Sanders.