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                             TOWN OF LANCASTER

                            NEW HAMPSHIRE 03584

           SOLID WASTE FACILITY & MANDATORY RECYCLING ORDINANCE

Pursuant to the authority of RSA:149-M:13 as conveyed to the
Board of Selectmen by the passage of Article 13 of the Warrant
for the 1992 annual town meeting, the Board of Selectmen of the
Town of Lancaster hereby ordain as follows:

1.   ADMISSION:  

     The Solid Waste-Recycling Facility will be open for use by
     Town residents and non-resident property owners during
     published hours.  Admission to the facility will be only by
     numbered permit obtained from the Town office to an
     appropriate person, business, or institution.  All permits
     must be attached to a motor vehicle and be plainly visible. 
     Permits are not transferable to another vehicle or household.
     All permits remain the property of the Town.

2.   SUPERVISION:

     The Town Manager or his designee shall have the right to
     refuse the use of the facilities to any citizen who is
     misusing said facility.

3.   SECURITY:

     The gates will be locked at all times when the facility is not
     open to the public.  Anyone not authorized and apprehended
     inside the gates when it is locked will be considered
     trespassing and shall be prosecuted.  Anyone depositing
     materials at any gate or depositing material in an improper
     way shall be prosecuted.


4.   SEPARATION:  

     All material brought to the facility for disposal shall be
     separated into the following categories.  Recycled materials
     shall be dry and free of food waste and are to be deposited
     into designated containers or locations as the attendant
     directs:

          A.   GLASS               SHALL MEAN EMPTY GREEN, BROWN,
                                   OR CLEAR GLASS CONTAINERS.  NO
                                   CERAMICS, WINDOW GLASS, OR
                                   MIRRORS.  LABELS DO NOT HAVE TO
                                   BE REMOVED.

          B.   ALUMINUM CANS       SHALL MEAN EMPTY ALUMINUM
                                   BEVERAGE CONTAINERS.  

          C.   TIN (STEEL) CANS    SHALL MEAN EMPTY TIN OR STEEL
                                   CONTAINERS.  LABELS DO NOT HAVE
                                                                      TO BE REMOVED.SOLID WASTE ORDINANCE
PAGE 2

          D.   CARDBOARD           SHALL MEAN ALL CLEAN, DRY
                                   CORRUGATED CARDBOARD, FREE OF
                                   WAX.  CARDBOARD SHOULD BE
                                   BROKEN DOWN/FLATTENED. (NO
                                   PAPER BOARD OR RECYCLED BOARD)

          E.   NEWSPAPER           SHALL MEAN ALL CLEAN, DRY
                                   NEWSPAPER.  MAY INCLUDE COLORED
                                   INSERTS.  NO STAPLES, NO
                                   MAGAZINES.

          F.   WHITE GOODS*        SHALL MEAN SCRAP METAL
                                   INCLUDING, STOVES, WASHERS,
                                   DRYERS, REFRIGERATORS, ETC.

          G.   TIRES*              SHALL MEAN TRUCK, AUTOMOBILE,
                                   MOTORCYCLE, AND BICYCLE TIRES
                                   REMOVED FROM THE WHEEL OR RIM.

          H.   LEAVES & CLIPPINGS  SHALL MEAN ALL LAWN CLIPPINGS,
                                   GREEN AND DRY GARDEN WASTE AND
                                   MANURE (to be dumped in the
                                   mulch pile).

          I.   TREE LIMBS/BRUSH    SHALL MEAN ALL TREE LIMBS AND
                                   BRUSH NOT EXCEEDING 18" IN
                                   LENGTH (to be deposited in burn
                                   pile).

          J.   BUILDING MATERIAL*  SHALL MEAN THE REFUSE FROM
                                   DEMOLISHED BUILDING (the
                                   burnable shall be separated
                                   from the non-burnable
                                   material).

          K.   USED MOTOR OIL      SHALL MEAN THE WASTE OIL WITH
                                   NO OTHER ADDITIVES SUCH AS
                                   GASOLINE OR ANTI-FREEZE.

          L.   BULKY ITEMS*        SHALL MEAN COUCHES, MATTRESSES
                                   AND OTHER LARGE NON-METALLIC
                                   ITEMS.

          M.   NON-RECYCLABLE & GARBAGE SHALL MEAN ANY OTHER
                                        RESIDENTIAL WASTE WHICH
                                        IS NOT LISTED ABOVE.
SOLID WASTE ORDINANCE
PAGE 3

          N.   INDUSTRIAL WASTE    SHALL MEAN ANY WASTE FROM ANY
                                   PROCESS OR INDUSTRY,
                                   MANUFACTURING, TRADE OR
                                   BUSINESS.  ANY SUCH WASTE NOT
                                   FALLING WITHIN THE ABOVE
                                   CATEGORIES BY SPECIAL
                                   ARRANGEMENT ONLY.


* Fee involved in disposing of these items.

5.   UNACCEPTABLE MATERIALS:  

     The following materials will not be acceptable at the Transfer
     Station-Recycling Facility:

     A.   STUMPS, TREES AND LIMBS GREATER THAN 18" IN LENGTH

     B.   MOTOR VEHICLES, BOATS, AND PARTS THEREOF (EXCEPT FOR
          SHEET METAL AND EXHAUST SYSTEMS)

     C.   HARMFUL, HAZARDOUS OR TOXIC SUBSTANCES

     D.   SLUDGE OR SEPTIC WASTE

     E.   ANY MATERIAL WHICH IN THE OPINION OF THE TRANSFER
          STATION-RECYCLING ATTENDANT CONSTITUTES A SERIOUS HAZARD
          TO OTHER USERS OF THE FACILITY, TO THE PROPERTY OF THE
          TOWN, OR TO THE OPERATION OF THE FACILITY.

     Anyone wanting to dispose of the materials listed above should
     seek guidance from the State Department of Environmental
     Services or a private landfill depending on the item to be
     disposed.

6.   SUPERVISION:  

     The Transfer Station-Recycling Attendant shall have the right
     to refuse the use of the Facility to any person, corporation,
     or other user who is misusing the Facility, or is violating
     this Ordinance, or who does not have the proper permit, or is
     using a vehicle whose numbered permit has unpaid Transfer
     Station use fees outstanding.  Any such shall be guilty of a
     violation of this Ordinance.  

7.   BURNING:

     No burning shall be allowed at the Facility except at the
     direction and supervision of the District Fire Warden.

SOLID WASTE ORDINANCE
PAGE 4

8.   FIREARMS: 

     The discharge of firearms is prohibited at the Facility.

9.   ORIGIN OF MATERIAL DISPOSED OF AT FACILITY:

     Only material collected within the limits of the Town shall be
     disposed of at the Transfer Station-Recycling Facility.

10.  COMMERCIAL HAULERS:

     A commercial hauler shall mean anyone who hauls materials to
     the disposal facility for others for a fee.  All persons or
     corporations engaged in the commercial hauling of rubbish,
     materials, etc. must first obtain a permit from the Board of
     Selectmen after payment of a permit fee.

11.  COLLECTION OF FEES

     By accepting the numbered permit, and in consideration of the
     Town allowing the holder of the numbered permit to use the
     Transfer Station-Recycling Facility, the registered holder of
     the permit agrees to be liable to the Town for all Transfer
     Station-Recycling Facility fees assessed against the
     respective numbered permit.

12.  DISPOSAL AND PERMIT FEES

     The following fees are hereby established for the disposal of
     the respective types of solid waste, and for the issuance of
     permit stickers.  Fees for the disposal of specific types of
     solid waste must be paid at the town offices, main Street,
     during regular business hours, prior to disposing of such
     solid waste.  At times when the town offices are closed but
     the solid waste facility is open, disposal fees may be paid to
     the attendant.

     Type of Solid Waste                          Fee

     White goods (refrig. washing mach. etc.)     10.00

     Furniture (10 cubic feet or more in size 
               & mattresses)                       8.00

     Furniture (less than 10 cubic feet such
               as overstuffed chairs)              5.00

     Tires from Commercial Enterprises             1.50     
SOLID WASTE ORDINANCE
PAGE 5

     Construction & Demolition material, each load:

     Fees will be adjusted according to actual disposal costs. 
     Check with Landfill Attendants for current disposal fees.

     Permit Fees
     
     First Permit Sticker                          Free
     Duplicate Permit Stickers                     1.00

13.  EXEMPTION:

     In special circumstances the fees may be waived by the Board
     of Selectmen.

14.  VIOLATION:

     Any person or corporation violating  any provision of this
     ordinance may  lose their disposal privileges at the Transfer
     Station /Recycling Facility,   be subject to penalties, and or
     the  following:

          Notice of violation; penalty; summons to appear in court
          for a violation of Ordinance.

     Responsibility is with the hauler and the originating
     destination, however, the owner of the vehicle disposing solid
     waste has the primary responsibility of material placed at the
     facility.

     Generally, the following violation schedule will be observed,
     depending upon the nature of the offense:

          1)   Verbal Warning
          2)   Written Warning
          3)   $25.00 penalty and one week  suspension of right to
               use  the facility
          4)   $100.00 penalty and one month suspension of right to
               use  facility
          5)   Penalty to be determined by the Board of Selectmen
               and  possible permanent loss of rights to use
               facility
SOLID WASTE ORDINANCE
PAGE 6
     
     However, the above sequence may not be followed if an  
     infraction is sufficiently severe to merit immediate   
     suspension or a larger penalty.  The Town reserves the right
     to take action in a manner consistent with the efficiency of
     operations and appropriate to the infraction involved.   Any
     deviation from the above schedule will first have the approval
     of the Board of Selectmen.
     
     Any alleged violator may avoid the issuance of a summons and
     complaint by the voluntary payment of the penalty.
     
     to the authority of RSA 149-M:13, II, any person  convicted of
     violating any provision of this Ordinance shall be subject to
     a civil penalty not to exceed $3,000. for each such violation.

15.  SEPARABILITY:

     The invalidity of any provision of this Ordinance shall not
     affect the validity of any other provision nor the validity of
     the Ordinance as a whole.

16.  CONFLICTING ORDINANCES:

     This Ordinance shall automatically appeal any other Ordinance
     that is in conflict with this Ordinance.

17.  EFFECTIVE DATE:

     This Ordinance shall be effective July 20, l992.

IN WITNESS WHEREOF,  the undersigned members of the Board of
Selectmen of Lancaster have hereunder set their hands this 20th day
of July 1992.

_______________________________________
John Martin, Chairman

_______________________________________
Michael Beattie

_______________________________________
Leon Rideout

               a TRUE COPY, ATTEST:


                                      _____________________________
                                      Jean E. Oleson 


                                 TIMELINE 
                                   FOR 

                          RECYCLING IN LANCASTER

          GENERAL INFORMATION
          -  Current landfill in Lyndonville, VT will probably no
          longer be licensed as of July 1992 because it is unlined
          - Town's waste will then go to either: James River
          facility in Berlin(Mt Carberry); Consumat Sanco in
          Bethlehem; proposed facility in Littleton (the earliest
          possible date of operation would be late next summer -
          permit application has not yet been sent into state)
          - Town needs to separate recyclable in any case to:
          reduce volume/weight; decrease transportation & tipping
          fees; become more environmentally responsible; gain some
          returns on the sale of recyclable materials.
          - Of Town's 2400 tons disposed of annually, 1912.8 tons
          could possibly be separated & recycled, leaving only
          487.2 tons to be landfilled (at 100% separation of
          aluminum cans, glass, organics, paper (including:
          newspaper, magazines, OCC, & mixed paper), plastic, scrap
          metal, textiles, and tin (steel) cans)
          - See attached chart for breakdown of contents of present
          waste stream in the waste stream


TIMELINE       ACHIEVEMENT

Before
12/31/91  
          1. Prepare Comprehensive Solid Waste/Recycling Plan
          2. Prepare a related Ordinance - amend/consolidate
          existing ordinances
          3. Review the above with Selectmen, Town Manager,
          Recycling Committee
          4. Make Public aware of existing recycling/reduction
          possibilities through Informational fliers already
          prepared (update regularly) and neighborhood Block
          Leaders
          5. Begin to educate the Public w/ above fliers, newspaper
          articles, radio, speaking engagements, civic
          organizations, open house at SWTS (Sat., Nov 23, 1991 -
          8 am - noon)
          6. Plot & arrange Recycling Building / Area locations;
          clearly delineate these separation areas on site - ACL
          working with Marghie Seymour on Fri, Nov 15, 1991.
          7. Review plans w/ Committee, Selectmen, Town Manager -
          make necessary adjustments
          8. Decide which options, and when, to implement of the
          plan and whether they will be mandatory or voluntary
          9. Plan cost of improvements to site (equipment, etc):
               -adding concrete areas for: glass; 
               -apron added to bldg for unloading cardboard,
               newspaper, etc...;
               -"Bobcat"(Do we have access to one?) for
               unloading/loading trailers(smaller more mobile in
               building with less space - will have to have one to
               load cardboard into a tractor trailer - Company
               charges for any time over an hour for loading at
               the site.
               -add a loading ramp constructed of earth and
               railroad ties or ...
          10. Plan costs of added labor:
               - additional person for separating items,
               assisting/supervising drop-offs to insure that no
               contamination occurs ($18,000 + benefits)
          11. Increase/Continue to educate the Public through:
          newsletters, neighborhood block leader (information
          sharing) programs, radio, newspapers, meetings
          12. Write or change (consolidate) solid waste ordinance

CURBSIDE PICKUP OR DROP-OFF RECYCLABLE
     Curbside 
          1. Scope of Service - present locations only or entire
          Town?
          2. Items to be separated include: newspaper, cardboard,
          aluminum beverage cans, tin/steel cans, plastic soda
          bottles & milk jugs, & glass.
          3. Put contract out to bid...OR
          4. Have individuals contract pickup of recyclable
          individually (problems exist with participation) 

1/92      1. Prepare warrant article for Town Meeting
          2. Submit budget to budget committee
          3. Continue to educate Public, especially regarding
          warrant article issue

Upon 
Passage   1. Order equipment or work to be done
3/92      2. Hire new staff, if appropriate (1 addit. person)
          3. Train staff &/or volunteers
          4. Inform Public - alert newspaper of mandatory starting
          date and items to be included, (prob. cardboard,
          newspaper & tin & aluminum 1st...glass?..plastics?...)
          4. Prepare facility
          5. Begin/Increase implementation of program 
          6. Rural Plastics Program in conjunction w/ Littleton?
          7. Prepare glass crushing area - storage area for fill
          8. Begin removing tire pile along w/ scrap metal


After
Setup     1. monitor progress to determine if & where changes are
          necessary
          2. Continuously educate public
          3. Celebrate & Publicize successes


Total Waste Stream in Lancaster         2400.00 tons Anually
Typ. Percentage          Tons           

Aluminum cans =  .8%      19.2 
Glass bottles  
 clear        =  4%       96
 brown        =  2%       48
 green        =  2%       48
Yard Waste    = 16%      384
Food Waste    =  7%      168
Newspaper/
 Magazines    =  8%      192
Cardboard     = 12%      288
Mixed Paper   = 17%      408
Plastic  
HDPE          =  2%       48
PET           =  1%       24
Scrap Metal   =  6%      144
Textiles      =  .9%      21.6
Tin(steel)cans=  1%       24  
TOTAL           79.7%   1912.8 

Waste left to landfill:  487.2 Tons     


NOTE:  These figures represent 100% participation, which just
doesn't happen.  According to NHRRA, the best that can be expected
is about 75% participation (with curbside pickup of garbage and
recyclable) leaving 965.4 tons to landfill. 

ESTIMATED PARTICIPATION FIGURES:

  MANDATORY              
drop-off garbage/drop-off recycling = 60%  
curbside garbage/curbside recycling = 75%  

  VOLUNTARY
drop-off garbage/drop-off recycling = 25%
curbside garbage/curbside recycling = 40%  
curbside garbage/drop-off recycling =  5%


                PLANS FOR EXISTING AND FUTURE RECYCLEABLES

PRESENT

Aluminum cans - bale and set outside the Recycling building on
pallets.  Cover with tarp.  Or even better...store in
transportable trailers until fully loaded for market.  Market
through NHRRA was Manchester or & check market prices for baled
aluminum.  Markets for aluminum beverage cans have been going
down although the price is still between $0.20 and $0.27/lb
depending on who you call (as of 10/23/91).

Organics - Educate Public about leaf composting.  Add signs at
the site for composting.  Place piles in rows near brush pile. 
Turn with a front end loader about once every two weeks.  Add ash
from the brush pile to the compost occasionally in small
quantities.  

Paper - 
     Newspaper - bring to Grey's farm for shredding or contact Rich
     Insulation in Bath.  The price for newspaper is $0.00.  

     Cardboard - Baled and sold through NHRRA's market.  Weigh
     bales occasionally to check for proper weight bales.  So far
     bales seem to be of good size.  At the present rate, we bale
     about 60 bales a year (or about 60 tons annually at $15.00 per
     ton...if the buyer picks up the bales and we load the trailer
     or $900.00 annually; the price is $25.00/ton ($1500 annually)
     if we transport the bales to the market).


Scrap Metal - To be marketed and transported through Jewell
Resources.  Contract has been signed.  Guaranteed at least to break
even.  Tires will also go through this program.

Tin (Steel) Cans - Remove labels, open both ends, flatten...to be
placed in scrap metal pile or baled.  Residents will place tin cans
in a box or barrel inside the Recycling Building and the attendant
will place them in the scrap metal pile (can be placed inside large
appliances or left in barrels as long as they can be picked up
easily by the hauler's equipment).

FUTURE (by 1992)

Glass (all colors)- build concrete area for crushing and area for
storing glass - Margee suggested contacting area concrete
businesses and request that they unload any leftover concrete into
a prepared area at the SWTS.  Glass to be crushed (without
separating colors)and used by the Town crew for fill.  

Glass prices through NHRRA are now (10/23/91 - for loads over 20
tons) clear-$22.00/ton, brown-$15.00/ton and green-$5.00/ton and
the loads are picked up by the buyer.  If the glass is rejected due
to contamination however, the Town must pay the buyer $1.75 per
mile roundtrip (from Billerica).  If the load gets to the mill and
is rejected at that point, the Town must pay for 2 roundtrips.  

PAPER
     Mixed paper - Margee Seymour suggested baling brown paper (ie
     bags).  Check with market to see if we can transport along
     with corrugated cardboard.  Or if we can mix bags with
     cardboard.  Bags are higher quality and receive a higher
     market price ($85/ton vs $25-28/ton for cardboard 9/91).  

     Office paper - The price for baled "mixed paper" (junk mail,
     mixed office paper, paperboard containers, paper egg cartons)
     is $5.00/ton picked up and $15.00 delivered as of 10/13/91.  
     
     Computer paper - Sanco in Bethlehem will take computer paper
     at no charge according to Adam West at NCC.

     Mixed Paper/Office Paper - not collected here at the present
     time.  NHRRA has a market through NHRRA.  Price is $0.00 and
     we must deliver.  Buyer pays NHRRA's fee of $2.00 per ton.

     PETE - waiting for Littleton's proposed program.  What are our
     other options if that does not pan out?  NHRRA is currently
     marketing plastics through Recoverable Resources/Boro Bronx
     2000, Inc. (R2B2) Bronx, NY (see Appendix for latest prices) 

     HDPE - ditto

Textiles - Encourage clothing to go to Salvation Army, yard sales,
or churches.

OTHER THINGS NEEDED AT THE TRANSFER STATION/RECYCLING BLDG

1.*More signs to put up at Recycling Building - We have the
following NH The Beautiful Signs:

     "Place Glass Here (No ceramics, mirrors, etc...)"
     "Clear Glass"
     "Brown Glass"
     "Green Glass"
     "Recycling Saves Tax Dollars"
     "Scrap Metal Here,... with details"
     "Newspaper"
     "Aluminum Cans"

2. Will need more signs for:
     "Tin (Steel) Cans"
     "Corrugated Cardboard Only"
     "Office Paper"

3. Build concrete area with sides for glass

4. Build ramp for loading/unloading trucks

5.*Obtain plastic or metal containers (55 gallon drums would be
preferable) for separating items

6. Follow costs and participation with spreadsheets

7.*Begin the education program in schools, civic clubs, etc.

8.*Begin the Block Leader Program

9.*Run a logo contest in the schools

10.*Start a list of Recylers in Town...use it later for a "Recycler
of the Week Program"...Solicit prizes from the local businesses. 
Announce as a public service announcement on the local radio
station.

11. Prepare for mandatory phase in of items one or two at a
time...check participation levels...add another attendant for
recycling.

12.*Volunteers can supervise the separation of items and answer
questions at the Recycling Building on Saturdays. 

* Things that the Recycling Committee can do or help

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Copyright 1997 by Ed Sanders.